All You Need to Know About Gingival Hyperplasia: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

You can have gingival hyperplasia if your gums are bulging or if they are covering your teeth. Finding the source of this issue and the best course of action on your own can be difficult. Poor dental hygiene, underlying systemic disease, or a drug side effect can all be causes of gingival hyperplasia.

Developmental disabilities, poor manual dexterity brought on by stroke, osteoarthritis of the hands, Alzheimer’s disease, or other dementias, can all affect oral hygiene.

Causes for Gingival Hyperplasia

An expansion of your gums is called gingival hyperplasia (also known as your gingiva). People with this illness have too much gum tissue, as opposed to specific individuals who have insufficient gum coverage.

The degree of this condition’s presentation might range from a minor bump to an overgrowth of gums that nearly fully encases your tooth or teeth. You can relax knowing that this illness is not infectious.

Gingival hyperplasia is a term used to describe the expansion of your gums and is not a medical problem in and of itself. The therapy and prevention of your gingival hyperplasia depend on knowing the cause; we’ll go through each in more depth below.


  • There is an unattractive gingival enlargement on the gums or teeth.
  • Patients are more likely to develop periodontal disease as teeth become difficult to clean.
  • Particularly when gingival irritation, untreated dental plaque, and poor oral hygiene are present, periodontitis may develop.

Other Possible Causes for Gingival Hyperplasia

The cause is frequently unknown. The gums may be red, mushy, glossy, and prone to bleeding if the afflicted tissue is inflamed (gingivitis). You can have localized or widespread gingivitis.

Gum disease’s specific causes include:

  • A lack of proper dental care leads to bacterial plaque, gingivitis, and periodontitis.
  • Mouth breathing
  • Smoking
  • Having too many teeth
  • HIV infection and systemic illnesses, especially diabetes

Treatment for Gingival Hyperplasia

There are several different therapies required, depending on the degree and underlying causes of your gum overgrowth. If the gingival tissue interferes with your ability to clean your teeth or chew your food properly, or if it causes any other problems, a dentist or other health care provider may advise you to have it removed.

To get rid of plaque that has gotten hard and can’t be removed by yourself it is recommended to employ a professional cleaning service. It’s not wise to take a medication prescribed by your doctor or alter its dosage by yourself if you suspect it’s causing hyperplasia. Discuss your worries with a medical practitioner. 

Bottom line

The most typical issue that results in swollen, red, and sensitive gums is gingival hyperplasia. After treatment or when the underlying cause is addressed, the disease typically gets better. Treatments administered professionally or at home can help reduce symptoms.

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