Periodontics is the branch of dentistry whichstudies the supporting structures of teeth,known as the periodontium, which includes thegingiva (gums), alveolar bone, cementum, and theperiodontal ligaments. Literally taken, it meansstudy of that which is “around the tooth”.
Periodontal diseases take on many differentforms, but are usually a result of bacterialinfection of the gums. Untreated, it often leadsto tooth loss and alveolar bone loss.
Periodontology also involves the placing ofdental implants to replace missing teeth.
Gum Contouring is a surgical procedure where inthe gums are shaped by surgical incisions, underlocal anesthesia to a more esthetically balancedappearance. This is called a simple cosmetic gumlift. The tissue heals very quickly with verylittle discomfort after the treatment.